Pakistan joins China’s Club of lunar base partners

Pakistan Joins China’s Lunar Base Project: A New Era of Indo-Pak Technological Collaboration


In a landmark development, Pakistan has become the latest nation to join China’s ambitious lunar project, marking a new chapter in Indo-Pak technological cooperation. This significant announcement was made during the Third Road and Belt Forum (BRF) in China, where Pakistan’s Temporary Prime Minister Anwar ul Haq Kakar witnessed the signing of an initial cooperation agreement with the Chinese Premier.

This collaboration represents a pivotal moment in Pakistan’s space exploration endeavors, paving the way for the country’s active participation in the global lunar exploration race. The agreement outlines a comprehensive framework for cooperation between Pakistan and China in various aspects of the lunar base program, encompassing engineering, operational, and scientific domains.

515336 6434756 updates

Key Highlights of the Collaboration

The signing of this agreement signifies Pakistan’s formal involvement in the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS), a China-led initiative aiming to establish a permanent lunar outpost by the 2030s. As part of this partnership, Pakistan will contribute its expertise and resources in various areas, including:

  • Engineering and Operational Support: Pakistan’s space agency, SUPARCO, will collaborate with its Chinese counterparts in designing, developing, and testing technologies crucial for the lunar base project. This includes contributions to the construction of the lunar base infrastructure, the development of robotic systems for lunar exploration, and the advancement of lunar resource utilization technologies.

  • Scientific Research and Exploration: Pakistani scientists will join hands with their Chinese counterparts in conducting scientific research on the moon. This collaborative research will focus on understanding lunar geology, searching for potential resources, and studying the lunar environment.

  • Data Sharing and Exchange: Both countries have agreed to share data and knowledge gained from their lunar exploration activities. This exchange will facilitate further advancements in lunar science and technology, fostering a collaborative approach to lunar exploration.

Benefits and Implications

Pakistan’s participation in the ILRS holds immense benefits for the country’s space program and its overall technological advancement. This collaboration will:

  • Enhance Pakistan’s Space Capabilities: The project will provide Pakistan with a unique opportunity to acquire advanced space technologies and expertise, propelling the country’s space program to new heights.

  • Promote Scientific Research and Innovation: The involvement in lunar exploration will stimulate scientific research and innovation in Pakistan, fostering a culture of technological advancement.

  • Strengthen Indo-Pak Technological Cooperation: This collaboration marks a significant step forward in Indo-Pak technological cooperation, paving the way for future joint ventures in various fields.

  • Contribute to Global Lunar Exploration: Pakistan’s contributions to the ILRS will enhance the global effort to explore and understand the moon, furthering human knowledge and potentially leading to the discovery of valuable resources.


Pakistan’s decision to join China’s lunar base project marks a bold step towards the country’s active participation in the global space exploration arena. This collaboration holds immense potential for Pakistan’s technological advancement, scientific research, and international cooperation. As the project progresses, Pakistan’s contributions are sure to leave an indelible mark on the history of lunar exploration.

Some details about the China Lunar Base Project

The International Lunar Research Station (ILRS) is an ambitious Chinese-led project to establish a permanent lunar outpost by the 2030s. The ILRS aims to build a modular research station near the South Pole of the Moon, where it will be possible to conduct scientific research, explore resources, and test new technologies.

International Lunar Research Station (ILRS)

The ILRS is expected to be a major international collaboration, with China already having signed agreements with Russia, Venezuela, and South Africa to join the project. Pakistan also recently joined the project in 2023.

The ILRS will be made up of several modules, including a power station, living quarters, a laboratory, and a hangar for rovers and other vehicles. The station will be powered by a combination of solar and nuclear energy.

The ILRS is a major step forward for China’s space program, which aims to become a major space power by 2030. The project is also a significant development for international cooperation in space exploration.

Here are some of the key benefits of the ILRS:

  • It will provide a platform for conducting scientific research on the Moon, which could lead to new discoveries about the Moon’s history and geology.
  • It will allow for the exploration of potential resources on the Moon, such as water ice, and minerals.
  • It will test new technologies for future space exploration missions, such as 3D printing and closed-loop life support systems.
  • It will promote international cooperation in space exploration and help to build trust and understanding between different countries.

The ILRS is still in the early stages of development, but China has made significant progress on the project. The country has already launched several missions to the Moon, including the Chang’e 4 lander and rover, which were the first to land on the far side of the Moon.

China is also developing a new Long March 9 heavy-lift rocket, which will be able to carry the modules for the ILRS to the Moon. The first launch of the Long March 9 is expected to take place in the early 2030s.

The ILRS is an ambitious and groundbreaking project, and it is sure to have a major impact on our understanding of the Moon and our future in space.

Leave a comment